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Spinal Cord Injuries Are No Laughing Matter

Posted by on Apr 24, 2019 in Medical Injury | 0 comments

When I was a little boy, I used to love jumping around. Common places to jump included my bed, the trampoline in my backyard, and the top of the family couch. As you can imagine, my favorite activity was really annoying to my mom. Not only did she clean up the mess I would make, but she was also concerned with me falling and landing wrong. Her greatest fear was that I would fall and break my neck.

No wonder why she was so concerned. It wasn’t until I was older that I realized the importance and sensitivity of the neck, head, and spine. Head trauma is facing increased publicity due to increased discussion of injuries that can be sustained through contact sports like football. But the painful effects faced by those with spinal cord injuries are not as discussed as they should be.

I wanted to know more about the effects of spinal cord injuries on a person’s health and lifestyle, so I did some research. The Law Offices of Jeffrey R. Caffee website discusses the impact on a person’s health by describing how the 33 vertebrae in the spine are divided into five regions when assessing spinal cord injuries.

According to that site, there is a lot of variation in the impacts of a spinal cord injury. In one region, the cervical vertebrae, the result of an injury can include loss of the ability to walk, speak, as well as paralysis. In just another region, the sacral vertebrae, there can be a loss of bladder control but otherwise, a person may end up being completely healthy otherwise.

Injuries not only vary in location but also in type; most spine injuries are a result of being compressed but spraining parts of your spinal cord also affects the body. Either way, no doctor will recommend an activity that even potentially endangers your spine since it is such an important part of your body.

Situations in which a spine can become sprained or compressed include workplace accidents, especially involving heights — and a fall. Another common scenario in which a person can become paralyzed or injured is a car accident. Car accidents are so unpredictable, but there is an increased likelihood of a vehicle crumpling or shifting so that the position of a spine is in danger.

While it is known that spinal injuries are brutal and that they can potentially happen to anyone, those who incur spinal cord injuries often must fight insurance companies for adequate and fair compensation. It’s unfair, but insurance companies care more about money than they do about making sure you have the money you need to pay for medical care or re-adjusting your life if you are now in a wheelchair.

Thankfully, there are solutions. Attorneys like those that work at The Law Offices of Jeffrey R. Caffee seem way more qualified to deal with insurance companies and settlement negotiation over someone like me, with no legal experience. I know that if my spine is ever injured, I am going to call them to see how I can receive the money needed to recover from such a painful and impactful injury.

Your Business May Be a Risk Because of Your Contracts

Posted by on Nov 7, 2018 in Business | 0 comments

Running a business involves managing a lot of risks and concerns every single day. You’re working with lots of people, including clients, investors, and employees. No matter what your business does, you need money to be available when it’s supposed to be, employees to do the job they’ve signed up for, and merchandise or products for your business to show up on time and work properly.

And that’s just the beginning of it. With so much to consider, it’s easy to allow something to slip. Perhaps you figured that you could handle your contracts yourself and save some money and time by avoiding lawyers. It seems reasonable at first. You’re busy, and so long as everyone does their job and everything runs on time, you’re sure to be congratulating yourself and feeling good about that choice.

What happens when someone doesn’t live up to their contract, though? Contracts exist for a reason. They are meant to compel people to act in a certain way, with certain consequences when they fail to live up to those demands. If your contracts aren’t legally valid because you didn’t go to a lawyer, you may soon find that your whole business is at risk.

Depending on which contracts are found invalid, you may find that you are extremely exposed to lawsuits or that you face new and expensive financial obligations. You may also find that you’ve signed a contract that puts unexpected demands on you.

There is a way to avoid all this: working with contract reviewers. These are lawyers that will review your contracts for you to make sure they are legally valid and don’t include any unforeseen obligations.

According to the contract reviewers at Smith & Kendell Attorneys & Counselors, they can help you with all manner of legal agreements, including:

  • Employment contracts when you hire your employees
  • Non-disclosure agreements that put certain limitations on what you can discuss about a business
  • Articles of organization for the founding of your business
  • Corporate mergers when your business joins with another
  • General services

Without the help of contract reviewers, the extremely complex and costly legal agreements you negotiate may not be valid. Imagine a merger failing to go through because a lawyer never looked over the contract properly. Imagine being held to extreme non-disclosure demands because you didn’t understand the contract.

You don’t want to go through that experience. Many of us have grown used to the modern habit of simply clicking “yes” for terms of service agreements and other online contracts. They’re long, difficult to understand, and full of small print. When we run a business, though, we have a higher obligation to ourselves, our investors, and our employees to make sure every contract says exactly what it is supposed to say and is completely legally valid.

Don’t put your business at risk. The investment in lawyers for all your contracts might seem like a big expense, but it’s one you must be sure to make.

What happens when a soldier is arrested?

Posted by on Oct 4, 2017 in Criminal Defense | 0 comments

For most of us who are not in the military, military operations are shrouded in secrecy. Since the military is such an important facet of American life, it seems worthwhile to try to explore the armed services more thoroughly and shed some light on them for those who are otherwise removed from that kind of life.

To make a beginning, in this post. I would like to open with this interesting question: what happens if a service member is arrested by the police?

Most people know there’s such a think as MPs, or military police, and what happens if it isn’t the MPs who arrest a soldier but the normal, everyday police?

The simple answer is, at least to some extent, the same things happen to a soldier (or sailor or marine, etc.) that happen to the rest of us. They spend the night in jail, and they get charged.

Let’s say a soldier drinks too much and gets in a fight and then tries to drive off drunk. When the police catch him, he can be charged with the same crimes as anybody else, namely assault, fleeing the scene of a crime, driving while intoxicated, etc.

What makes the case of this soldier different is what happens next. Either the soldier himself or the police contacts the military barracks the soldier is assigned to. Then, the soldier’s superior officer decides what to do with him. It may be they simply ask the soldier be released and allowed to return to the barracks on his own. Or, they may ask the police to hold the soldier until MPs are able to come and get him. This may take a day or two.

Once back at the barracks, the soldier is still charged in the civilian courts. He is still expected to show up for court dates, and he will still have to face the same punishments the rest of us do. If he would like, he can get a lawyer, ideally one that has a specialization in military matters.

His troubles do not end there, however, because our soldier will also have to face disciplinary action from the military. This can include any number of punishments depending on the nature of the crime and whether the crime was a first time or repeat offense. Punishments can include being discharged.

Our soldier in the story, then, may have to pay fines or do community service for his crimes, thanks to the civil court. He would then also have to comply with whatever the military decided was a worthy punishment.

As can be seen by this story, soldiers do not have any get out of jail free cards. If anything, they have a much more difficult burden should they be caught breaking the law.

And while the military does punish soldiers for breaking the law, they defer to the civil courts for the primary judgment and means of punishment.

Thank you for reading, and please, check back in to read more next time.

Possible Defenses to DUI Charges

Posted by on Jun 17, 2017 in DUI Criminal Defense | 0 comments

Driving under the influence of alcohol, also known as DUI, is illegal for a reason. Alcohol can compromise the driving skills of a person, putting him or her at risk of traffic accidents. But because DUI is illegal anywhere, it is often exaggerated and misunderstood, resulting into undeserved arrests, charges, and penalties.

The good news is, according to the website of Horst Law, there is a way to defend DUI charges, to minimize the penalties or dismiss the case entirely. Below are some of the most common defenses.

Validity of Stop

One of the most common ways to counter a DUI charge is to question the stop and arrest itself. If the driver has been ordered to pull over with no probable cause, all evidence that can be gathered during that period may be nullified.

Doubt on Officer’s Observation

The arresting officer’s observations can also be put into question, especially if these judgments have resulted into the arrest. Below are some examples:

  • Officer believes that the driver is drunk, but in fact the driver is just sleepy
  • Officer wrongly pulls over the driver because he appears to be driving erratically, even though he is not

Validity of Tests

There are various ways to test if a person is intoxicated, including breathalyzers, field sobriety tests, and chemical tests. But these tests can only be valid if the arrest is lawful and the officers have given warnings and proper information regarding them. If any of these factors are not met, the tests may be considered invalid, and therefore their results may not be considered viable evidence.

Accuracy of Tests Results

The tests are not always accurate, and this fact can be used as a defense in court, with the idea that the results are not truthful or just outright doubtful. Below are some of the instances where test results can be put into question:

  • Administering authorities did improper procedures that may influence results
  • Equipment, tools, and machines used in the test are defective
  • Procedures were confusing, so driver was not able to properly do the tests


Even a Single DUI Conviction could Change Your Life

Posted by on Feb 21, 2017 in Vehicle Accidents | 0 comments

Drunk-driving is listed with reckless driving, over-speeding and driver error as the top causes of motor vehicle accidents in the United States. Car accidents in the U.S. have always numbered to more than five million annually, injuring more than two million and killing no less than 30,000 every year. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the usual offenders of the law against drunk-driving, are adolescents; those aged between 17 and 24.

The blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit set by the U.S. government is 0.08% (the limit is lower for commercial truck drivers and individuals below the age of 21). Offenders caught with a 0.08% or higher BAC level will be charged with drinking under the influence (DUI) or with the more serious offense, drinking while impaired/intoxicated (DWI) (some states, however, DUI and DWI interchangeably).

DUI or DWI is a serious crime. Penalties for the offense vary, depending on the severity of the offense and the number of times it has been committed. Under the law, the basic sentences for offenders include:

  • 1 to 30 days imprisonment;
  • $200 fine;
  • revocation or suspension of driver’s license; and,
  • installation of an Interlock Ignition Device (IID) in the vehicle of the offender. An IID is a device like the breath analyzer. It measures the level of BAC in the driver. If the BAC level detected by the IID is higher than its programmed limit (usually as low as 0.02%), it will automatically render the vehicle incapable of starting.

Drunk-driving accidents usually happen on weekends and on holidays. This is because, despite drinking, many simply refuse to believe that the alcohol they consumed will impair them. People will have to realize that BAC reading is based on the level of alcohol that is detectable in their blood, despite them still being sober.

According to the firm Horst Law, “Even a single DUI conviction could change your life. For starters, your license will be revoked for a full year after your conviction, at which time you will have to work through the complex process of getting your license reinstated. Until it is eventually reinstated, you will have to figure out a way to get to and from work, assuming that you do not lose your job. By the time everything is said and done, the state estimates that the overall cost of a first-offense DUI could be just under $5,000. Aside from the long-term consequences that a conviction is likely to have on both your livelihood and lifestyle, you will have to serve a mandatory minimum sentence of 48 hours in jail.” Thus, if charged, a really good criminal defense attorney can be your best ticket to an acquittal.

Common Types of Employment Tests

Posted by on Jan 5, 2017 in Employment | 0 comments

Companies use employment tests to filter applicants, to separate those who are qualified to those who are not. When employers say qualified, they don’t just mean in job skills, but also in physical fitness, mental fortitude, and other factors that may directly or indirectly affect the job.

Employers require applicants to take different tests to know if they are qualified for these varying factors. The common kinds of tests are written below.

Job Knowledge Test

This is arguably the most important employment test, because it measures your knowledge of the job. It determines your level of competence in the applied position by giving you questions related to your tasks.

These tests are objective, meaning there are right and wrong answers. They are often in written format, but an oral type is not that unlikely.

Cognitive Ability Test

Aside from knowledge of the job, employers also look into your cognitive abilities such as comprehension, logic, reasoning, and other departments that may indirectly affect your success in the position you are applying for. It is important for the employer to know your mental capabilities, because these capabilities show your potential in solving job-related issues.

These tests are more general, but they are still objective in nature. They are often in multiple choice format.

Personality Test

Even if you are knowledgeable of the job and have the mental capability to solve job-related problems, you can still fail in your position if you do not have the specific personality traits that are advantageous for the position.

For example, an employee in the sales department may have more success if he is assertive, confident, and outgoing, but an employee in the creative department may get away with being reserved.

These tests are not objective, meaning there are no right and wrong answers. Personality tests are often in the form of multiple choice. You are give certain scenarios and are required to choose what you will do if you are put in the same situation.

Simulation Test

You can have the knowledge for the job, the mental fortitude to solve job-related problems, and the right personality traits for the position, but you can still perform unsatisfactorily when you are already on the job. That’s why employers give you a chance to feel the workplace by giving you a simulation of it, so they could see you actually perform the job. These simulations assess your skills and competence in your tasks.

Simulation tests are in practical form. Maybe you are required to demonstrate your knowledge of a particular computer program that is essential for the position, or prove your physical fitness for a job that is physically demanding.

Testing for employment may be hard, but it is often a necessary task to help you and your potential employer prevent things like job frustration, employee turnovers, job-related injuries, and other issues that may affect the business and personal side of employment.